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NASA's News 2018: Demonstration Proves Nuclear Fission System Can Provide Space Exploration Power

NASA Latest News 2018
NASA News 2018:
NASA and the Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) have successfully demonstrated that a new nuclear reactor power system that could enable long-duration crewed missions to the Moon, Mars and destinations beyond.............
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The spacecraft was approximately 5 million kilometers (3 million miles) from Earth at the time, about 13 times the distance between the Earth and Moon.
Three images (different color wavelengths) were combined and color-corrected to make the composite, and the Moon was 'stretched' (brightened) to make it more easily visible.
NASA has awarded an architect and engineering services contract to Accura Rosser 8(a) JV of Atlanta to perform engineering design and inspection services at the agency’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The cost-plus-fixed-fee contract will begin on Saturday, April 1 and includes a one-year base period, followed by four one-year options for a maximum five-year performance period. The value of the contract, including all options, is approximately $39.8 million. Under the Facilities Design and Inspection Services contract, the contractor will perform a wide range of support services, including design and inspection services, master planning and surveillance. This contract will support Marshall in accomplishing institutional, program and project objectives for NASA, resident organizations, onsite contractors and onsite commercial tenants. For information about NASA and agency programs, visit: https://www.nasa.gov
Jet Propulsion Lab, California (CNN)NASA says it has received a signal from 540 million miles across the solar system, confirming its Juno spacecraft has successfully started orbiting Jupiter, the largest planet in our solar system.
"Welcome to Jupiter!" flashed on screens at mission control at NASA's Jet Propulsion Lab in Pasadena, California.
The Juno team cheered and hugged.
"This is phenomenal," said Geoff Yoder, acting administrator for NASA's Science Mission Directorate
The probe had to conduct a tricky maneuver to slow down enough to allow it to be pulled into orbit: It fired its main engine for 35 minutes, effectively hitting the brakes to slow the spacecraft by about 1,212 miles per hour (542 meters per second).
"NASA did it again," said Scott Bolton, Juno principal investigator.
"We're there, we're in orbit. We conquered Jupiter."
"Through tones Juno sang to us and it was a song of perfection," said Rick Nybakken, Juno Project Manager, referring to the audio signal the probe sent to indicate it was in orbit.
The Juno team celebrates at Mission Control at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California.
Juno was launched nearly five years ago on a mission to study Jupiter's composition and evolution. It's the first spacecraft to orbit Jupiter since Galileo. Galileo was deliberately crashed into Jupiter on September 21, 2003, to protect one of its discoveries -- a possible ocean beneath Jupiter's moon Europa.
"Preliminary looks are that the spacecraft is performing well ," said Guy Beutelschies, Director of Interplanetary Missions at Lockheed Martin Space Systems, the company that built the spacecraft.
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NASA just discovered some special particles floating in our cosmic neighborhood. The Cassini spacecraft, which has been orbiting Saturn since 2004, has detected alien dust that came from outside our solar system. Scientists suspect that this dust is interstellar in origin because it moves fast and in different directions, compared to the dust found on Saturn, according to a recently published report in the journal of Science. And although this alien dust was faint, it had a distinct signature. National Aeronautics and Space Administration(NASA) in 2018, a small space probe will unfurl a sail and begin a journey to a distant asteroid. It’s the first NASA spacecraft that will venture beyond Earth’s orbit propelled entirely by sunlight. This technology could enable inexpensive exploration of the solar system and, eventually, interstellar space. The $16 million probe, called the Near-Earth Asteroid Scout, is one of the 13 science payloads that NASA announced Tuesday. They will hitch a ride on the inaugural flight of the Space Launch System—the megarocket designed to replace the space shuttle and, one day, send the Orion spacecraft to Mars. It will take 2.5 years for the NEA Scout to reach its destination, a smallish asteroid named 1991 VG. But it won’t be a leisurely cruise. The continuous thrust provided by sunlight hitting the solar sail will accelerate the probe to an impressive 63,975 mph (28.6 km/s) relative to the sun. Earlier NASA has released Pluto images has blue skies also numerous small water ice patches too beamed by NASA’s new horizons space craft.  The 1st color movies from NASA’s New Horizons mission show Pluto and its largest moon, Charon, and the complex orbital dance of the two bodies, known as a double planet. The 2nd photo shows large number of small exposed water ice regions. More information of NASA 2016 News regarding planet world update released is mentioned below............
Details of NASA Pluto Planet Photos:
“It’s exciting to view Pluto and Charon in motion and in color,” says New Horizons Principal Investigator Alan Stern of the Southwest Research Institute (SwRI), Boulder, Colorado. “Even at this low resolution, we can see that Pluto and Charon have different colors—Pluto is beige-orange, while Charon is grey. Exactly why they are so different is the subject of debate.”
New Horizons will make its closest approach to Pluto on July 14, zipping by about 7,800 miles (12,500 kilometers) above the surface. It’s the first mission to Pluto and the Kuiper Belt, a relic of solar system formation beyond Neptune. Sending a spacecraft on this almost 3-billion mile journey will help us answer basic questions about the surface properties, atmospheres, and moons of the Pluto system………...
Planet Mars harboured long lasting lakes and water streams about 3.8 to 3.3 billion years ago. These near-true color movies were assembled from images made in three colors — blue, red and near-infrared – by the Multicolor Visible Imaging Camera on the instrument known as Ralph, a “Honeymooners” reference that classic TV fans can appreciate. The images were taken on nine different occasions from May 29-June 03, 2015……….
Although the 02 movies were prepared from the same images, they display the Pluto-Charon pair from different perspectives. One movie is “Pluto-centric”, meaning that Charon is shown as it moves in relation to Pluto, which is digitally centered in the movie. (The North Pole of Pluto is at the top.) Pluto makes one turn around its axis every 6 days, 9 hours and 17.6 minutes—the same amount of time that Charon rotates in its orbit. Looking closely at the images in this movie, one can detect a regular shift in Pluto’s brightness—due to the brighter and darker terrains on its differing faces…..

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